Floor Refinishing Has Several Stages:

Removal / Replacement of Damaged Boards

We check every block and board and if any are damaged beyond repair, we will replace them. We use reclaimed timber – wherever possible, of the same age and quality.

Loose boards are reset and fixed in position. We remove old tacks and nails – and hammer protruding nails flat.

Gap filling

A gap-filled floor has a pleasing and even look. It’s not always necessary – but filling gaps does prevent draughts (especially on the ground floor) and the build up of dust. The floor is also tightened, so timber movement is minimised.

Traditional methods of gap filling include:

* resin – mostly used floors with lots of fine gaps, such as parquet and mosaic. Dust from the floor is mixed with a resin and applied to the gaps with a filling knife.

* wooden strips – solid fillets of reclaimed pine and other timbers are glued and forced into the gaps, being chiselled back before sanding flat.

Make Refinish Wood Floors Co. your first choice for wood floor repairs

​ Staining and colours

Clear natural stains enhance the wood grain. Coloured stains give a new colour to the wood (as in darkening a pine floor).

The modern water-based stains are safe and odour-free. They provide quick and affordable colour to match your home interior. They come in all the traditional wood colours through to contemporary pigmenting: eg white, red, blue or even pink!

Should you require a specific or unusual colour, we can create what you want. This can be a challenging task. We once mixed 75 different pigments to match the floor colour in an ancient castle!

Top-quality stains give a more even coating. The cheaper brands are false economy as some tend to leave dull or patchy areas.

Although there are coloured lacquers on the market, it is far better to stain and varnish in two distinct stages. The floor coloour is easier to control and the sealant more durable. As the sealant wears away, it will have no effect on the underlying coloured stain. Coloured varnishes will lose their colour when the surface is damaged.

The floor can also be painted – or choose coloured wax for floors with dull washed colours. This gives a soft tinting effect on the visible wood grain.



This is an artificial product that is the easiest to maintain and most durable of all the sealants. It is suitable for floors that bear mid to heavy traffic.

Modern water-based lacquers are completely safe – and a world away from the old fashioned ‘plastic’ look of traditional varnish. They have an attractive silky sheen that comes in a matt, satin or high gloss finish.

A polyurethane lacquer is highly resistant to wear but may discolour the underlying floor. For areas of lighter usage, a part polyurethane/part acrylic floor varnish is a good choice – which will not yellow or darken the wood.

Lacquers require three applications – and are left to dry for 24 hours. We will provide a comparison of recommended sealants during your free assessment.


Under a soft and mellow natural wax finish, your floor will breathe. Wax is the safest traditional floor finish for your home, family, business and the environment.

Wax finishes require two applications.

Hard Wax Oil

Based on waxes and vegetable oils, this has a similar effect to natural oil. It emphasises the natural wood grain – and brings out the colour of the wood.

A very popular choice of sealant, hard wax oil provides a good balance between natural oil and lacquer. It has the virtues of both products: a natural look and feel – plus improved durability. As with oil, further floor protection couldn’t be simpler: apply more coats or a thinned down ‘revive coat’.

Its micro-porous nature means that it does not crack, flake, peel or blister. It is very useful in areas of high humidity. A house in Twickenham had a parquet floor over an underground river. The blocks were damp, although still adhering well.

A water-based lacquer went white and came away within two days. Three coats of Osmo hard wax oil did the trick. It adhered to the blocks and prevented the damp rising to the surface.

So instead of having to pay out for a completely new floor, the delighted owners have a dry and functioning parquet – at a fraction of the potential cost.

Make sure you choose the most appropriate finish for your particular floor. Call us today for your free assessment.


Natural Oil

For the traditional natural look of a wooden floor, oil is the choice. It is very easy to maintain, as the finish is simply topped up with extra coats of oil to cover minor damage.

Oil has great water-repellent qualities – and resistance to scuffs and abrasions. It does tend to dry out in humid conditions. Coming in matt or satin finishes – it can take up to 24 hrs to dry.

See for yourself. We’ll give you a comparison of the properties of natural oils with the various other sealants.

Contact us today for a free assessment and quote